Chips & Technologies MIPS.COM, written by Jim Bracking in 1986, was the only benchmark in the 1980s and 1990s that I found useful. MIPS contained five metrics:
- General Instructions
- Integer Instructions
- Memory to Memory
- Register to Register
- Register to Memory
While the actual score of “million instructions per second” was misleading, MIPS was notable for doing two things incredibly right: It had scores for three classes of machines at the time to show you how your numbers compared against those machines, and it was careful to stress different areas of the CPU (register to memory, integer ops, etc.).
You can download MIPS.COM on the Other Benchmarks page.